There are many types of disabilities. A disability is a condition that alters the way a part of the body was intended to function. A disability can impact the way in which a person lives their life and interacts with the world around them. Disabilities can be mental or physical and they can be observable or invisible.

Over a billion people live with some form of disability. Information about the different disabilities in infants, toddlers, children, and youth can be complicated. We offer information on the full spectrum of disabilities in children, including developmental delays, learning disabilities and disorders. While this is not a comprehensive list of all disabilities, we want to highlight some of the more common disabilities.


Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder in which the person diagnosed may display patterns of inattention, impulsivity, inability to sit still, poor self-control, and trouble focusing which can lead to additional challenges at work, home, or school. 

Blind/Visual Impairment

Visual Impairment is a partial or complete loss of a person’s sense of vision or sight.

Cerebral Palsy (CP)

Cerebral Palsy is a motor disorder, usually present at birth, that affects movement, coordination, muscles, posture, and motor skills.  Cerebral Palsy is a life-long condition with no cure.  Treatments are available to help improve motor function and quality of life.  

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Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD)

CAPD is a condition in which the brain has difficulty process the information received by the ears.  This condition can lead to challenges with effective listening in busy or noisy settings and can impact performance at work, school, or home.    


Deaf-Blind is the term used to describe person who have a partial or complete loss of their sense of hearing and vision. 

Down Syndrome

Down syndrome is a genetic condition in which a person is born with an extra chromosome.  A chromosome is a part of a cell that contains DNA.  This extra chromosome leads to differences in mental and physical development.    

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)

FASD is a group of disorders that result from exposure to alcohol during the mother’s pregnancy.  The life-long challenges associated with FASD vary greatly and may include developmental delays, intellectual impairment, physical abnormalities, birth defects, learning problems, and behavior challenges. 

Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD)

SPD is a condition in which the brain has difficulty receiving and understanding information that it gathers from body senses – hearing, seeing, tasting, smelling, feeling, and body awareness.  This can lead to person’s diagnosed with SPD being very sensitive to their surroundings or seeking out an excess of sensory stimulation.    

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Traumatic Brain Injury is a broad category of permanent or temporary disabilities that impact the normal function of the brain because of an injury to the brain. 

Visual and/or Hearing Impairments

Hearing impairment is a partial or complete loss of a person’s sense of hearing or sound. 

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Parent Network of WNY
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